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Honduras Facts

The Basics:

  • Located in Central America
  • Borders Guatemala, Nicaragua, & El Salvador & the Carribean Sea
  • Honduras is slightly smaller than the state of West Virginia
  • There are 18 “states” in Honduras – called departments
  • Population – about 8 million
  • Government: constitutional republic
  • Language – Spanish with some dialects
  • Religion – 97% Roman Catholic / 3% Protestant
  • Per Capita Income per year: $3,100 (in 2006)
  • According to cia.gov, Honduras suffers an extraordinarily unequal distribution of income and soaring unemployment rates (around 28%) Most trade relies on the U.S. including tourism & agricultural exports of bananas, coffee, citrus, beef, timber, & Shrimp)
  • Over 80% of the land is mountainous
  • Honduras is on Central Time zone – and doesn’t change for daylight savings time
  • Money – Lempira – exchange rate is approximately 20 L / 1 Dollar

Comparisons to U.S.

Honduras U.S.
Literacy Rate 80% 90%
% Using Sanitation Urban:87% Rural: 54% Urban:100% Rural: 100%
Life Expectancy Male: 67.81 Female:71.01 Male: 75.29 Female:81.13
Under 5 Mortality Rate 27/1,000 8/1,000
GPA per Capita $4,300 $45,800

 

Poverty Problems:

  • On average, only one-third of Honduran children attend school past the primary level – resulting in decreased availability of qualified labor, productivity, and income generation.
  • Child labor – an estimated 384,000 between the ages of five & 18 that are employed.
  • 51-60% of Honduras lives below the poverty line – poverty line is $1.45per day/person (statistics differ)
  • There is a huge gap between the rich and the poor – resulting in a very unequal society.
  • Physican to people ratio = 0.57 per 1,000 people
  • Only 30% of Honduras has access to sanitation facilities
  • Unemployment rate: 28%
  • HIV/AIDS – The Honduran city of San Pedro Sula is estimated to have the 2nd highest number of HIV/AIDS cases in the world. 70% of all Central American HIV/AIDS cases are found in Honduras. One out of 100 people living in Honduras is infected with HIV.

Information found at: www.worldvision.com / www.cia.gov / www.nationmaster.com